This study was anchored on the proposition that proper utilization of competencies creates proficiencies that build a niche for the firm. The study sought to make a contribution by focusing on how competencies can be crafted by it to knowledge management in an integrated structure to improve performance of multinational firms. The broad objective of the study was to determine the how firm competencies and knowledge management integrated to enhance competitive advantage of MNC’s in Kenya. This study was anchored on the resource based view theory and knowledge based view theory. The study adopted positivism orientation and a descriptive cross sectional survey was used to find out whether there was a significant association among study variables at a specific point in time. The study population was 104 multinational corporations operating in Kenya. Primary data was collected on a semi- structured questionnaire comprising a five point likert-type scale. Data was analyzed using infernal statistics. Correlation and multiple regression evaluated the relationship between the variables. Regression analysis was used to predict the unknown value of variables from two or more variables. The study established a significant relationship between firm competencies and knowledge management of MNCs. A significant relationship between knowledge management and firm competencies was established. The study has made a unique theoretical contribution by linking the theoretical views into an integrated framework. The findings of this study were consistent with past studies and supported theoretical assertions that sustained competitive advantage cannot be explained by isolated factors. The study concluded that for multinational corporations to enhance their performance they must utilize the competencies that they have, make use of the knowledge they possess and create synchrony between the variables. The current study extends knowledge frontiers in international business arena to cover competencies as a mature discipline that affects multinationals performance. Theoretically, the study increases knowledge in relation to the firm competencies- performance relationship. Policy makers will utilize the study findings to facilitate multinational corporations align to policies that will lead to economic prosperity. The study has a major implication on managerial practice in that managers can realize their organizations full potential by crafting competencies and embracing knowledge management to upsurge improved performance. Firms can also be encouraged to develop strategies consistent with superior performance. The study also discussed concepts in a bid to explore policies that can strengthen linkages between international business research and national objectives. Future studies need to emphasize on other variables that may affect the performance of multinationals either directly or as moderating variables.
Jane Achieng Achola, George K. King\\\'oriah, James Mwitari, Gabriel Kishoyian and George Orinda.
Background: Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has become one of the driving forces in facilitation of learning in most colleges. The ability to effectively harness the technology varies from institution to institution globally. However, ICT has not been extensive in education systems worldwide as found in other fields, such as business and engineering. Reasons for the low adoption or absence of ICT in education systems also vary significantly depending on the prevailing circumstances. To improve on this, the study was aimed at investigating the extent to which lecturers’ personal and institutional attributes influence their utilization of information communication technology.
Method: The study was a descriptive cross sectional survey conducted at the Kenya Medical Training College. The study population includes all lecturers employed by KMTC Nairobi campus; on permanent basis, those on secondment by the Ministry of Medical Services and all the external lectures who are contracted in all the faculties totaling 295.A sample size of 155 lecturers was selected using a table of random numbers. A stratified sampling was followed so as to get equal proportions basing on gender and depending on the number of lecturers in each faculty. A self administered and coded questionnaire was given to the lecturers to fill. Data from questionnaires were analyzed in frequencies and percentages using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 19, this was reliable tool for quantitative data analysis.
Results: Of the 155 respondents, 93 (60%) of the respondents were males while 62 (40%). The results obtained showed that institutional support by provision of resources for ICT related training such as internet, computers, laptops and projectors had moderate impact on use of ICT. Statistically significant associations were observed on the use of ICT (p=0.000), institutional attributes with ICT use (p=0.049) and use of ICT with its policies (p=0.013. However, there was no significant different on the use of ICT with individual attributes (p=0.661).
Conclusion: The study concluded that institutional attributes and ICT policy were keys to utilization of ICT to facilitate learning by the lecturers at KMTC. The study observed that institutional support especially in provision of resources to fast track ICT utilization was critical in facilitating the use of ICT, need for a mandatory policy on use of ICT by lecturers to facilitate learning. However, in order to achieve ICT policies that support facilitation of learning in collages, a mechanism should be put in place to make the use of ICT in teaching and learning mandatory.